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Native American Consultation Database

General Help in Searching NACD

The NACD database can be searched by typing information into one or more of the following search fields: Tribal Name, State Name, County Name, Contact Name, Reservation, and Installation. The information is cross-indexed, and a search results in a report that provides information for the type of report that has been selected.

Additional help is provided below for the specific search fields. First time users are urged to read the help text. Furthermore, the help text for the state of Alaska should be reviewed before using the reports.

A search may be performed using one field or a combination of fields. Using a combination of fields yields narrower search results. For example, if the user needs information for all "Chippewa" records that also have a relationship with Minnesota, the database can be searched by entering %Chippewa% in Tribal Name and MN in State Name. In contrast, if information is needed for all the "Chippewa" and for all tribes in Minnesota, the database must be searched twice, once with %Chippewa% entered in the Tribal Name and once with MN entered in the State Name. Also note that the search fields are not case sensitive. Any combination of capital and lower case letters may be typed into the search fields.

The search engine used for NACD offers two special characters to help search the database: the percent (%) and the underscore (_). These characters are called "wildcards" and can be used where the value of one or more characters within the string is unknown. Be aware, however, that although searching with these "wildcards" may better the chance of a report containing the records of interest, their use increases the time it takes to search the database. If the search results in more records than are of interest to the user, narrow the search by adding information in the other search fields or modifying information used in the initial search.

_ or % The percent sign (%) and the underscore (_) are zero-or-more-character wildcards. This means that they may be substituted for an arbitrary number of unknown characters in a search string. For example, the following search strings in the State Name field would all return records for Arizona: "%izona", "ari_a", and "Ar%na."
, or | The comma (,) and the pipe (|) may be used to separate multiple entries in the State Name or County Name fields. This allows greater geographic coverage in a search. These characters can only be used in these fields.

"Wildcards" are useful when used singly or in combination, and can be especially helpful in those cases where names or spellings of names have changed. For example, entry of the following data into the Tribal Name field yields in different report results:

iowa No "wildcards" used. Yields records that EXACTLY match "iowa". This method of searching will miss most of the Federally recognized Indian Tribes: IT IS NOT RECOMMENDED.
iowa% Yields records that have "Iowa" as the first word in the record name, such as "Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska," "Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma," "Iowa," "Iowa Nation," and "Iowa [generic]."
%iowa% Yields records that have any combination of "iowa" anywhere in the record name, such as "Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska," "Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma," "Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma," "Sac & Fox of the Mississippi in Iowa," and "Kiowa, Comanche, & Apache Tribes of Indians". This search method is recommended, however, the search time increases significantly.
s%ish Yields records where "s" is the first character in the record title and "ish" is the last string of characters in the record title, such as the land claim map title records for "Samish," Skokomish," Skykomish," Snohomish," "Stillaguamish," "Suquamish," and "Swinomish."
%sk_komish% Yields records where either "Skokomish" and "Skykomish" appear anywhere in the record name.

Help by Field Name

Tribal Name

The tribal names in the NACD are compiled from a number of source authorities:

  • Federally recognized Indian tribes as published by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the Federal Register.
  • The Tribal Leaders Directory, also published by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This source provides additional contact information for the tribal leaders of each Federally recognized Indian tribe and Native Alaskan village.
  • All named claimants in cases identified on the 1978 Final Report of the Indian Claims Commission map;
  • Names of tribes gaining settlements through the U.S. Court of Claims after 1978;
  • Names that appear within formal names of Indian reservations;
  • Different names or different spellings based upon written tribal notification, on file in the office of the National NAGPRA program.
  • Alaska Native village corporations and Alaska Native regional corporations, which were dropped from the official BIA list in 1993, but are included here because of the Alaskan Native Claims Settlement Act of 1989.
  • Native Hawaiian organizations specifically mentioned in the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990;
  • Hawaiian Island burial councils recognized by the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, one of the Native Hawaiian organizations specifically mentioned in the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990.

Some names derived from other sources (e.g., names appearing in archival or contemporary references, treaties, other legal documents, spelling variations, other groups not Federally recognized, names from oral histories, or similar sources) are not included in the present NACD.

The nature of the sources used and the manner in which the names are cross-referenced or linked together is extremely important, as they structure the resulting report(s). It is possible for searches on two different tribal names to yield the same Federally recognized Indian tribe, Alaska Native village, or Native Hawaiian organization. It is also possible that a search using a single name, especially a generic name, will result in several Federally recognized entities. The exact nature of the relationship to the appropriate Federally recognized Indian tribe(s), Alaska Native village(s), or Native Hawaiian organization(s) in this database is specified in the report(s). If a search on a name does not yield results, the name, as queried, is not contained in the NACD. Further investigation may be necessary for the purposes of consultation.

Please review the Alaska help text before using the database and generating a report for that state.

State Name

A search by the names of states results in all information pertaining to land claims and the location of Federal Indian reservations in that state. Contacts for Federally recognized tribes who live in the state, but do not live on a Federal Indian reservation are also reported. The names of the states conform to the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS.)

Use either the full name of the state or the two letter postal code.

The pipe (|) or comma (,) allows a search on two or more states to obtain regional contact information. For example, in a full data report, typing "mn|ia|mi|wi" or "mn,ia,mi,wi" in the State Name field produces all records covering Minnesota, Iowa, Michigan, and Wisconsin. In the Full Data Report, all of the contact, land claim, reservation, and related tribes/villages also appear for each of those records.

County Name

A search by County name will result in information pertaining to Federally recognized tribes that either inhabit or have land claims in the county or counties. The information will include the name of any Federal Indian reservation that may be located there. Contact information is given for the Federally recognized Indian tribes.

The names of the counties conform to the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS). Louisiana is divided into parishes and Alaska is divided into boroughs and census areas, not counties, but for the purposes of this search tool, a parish, borough, or census area is considered a county.

The wildcard symbols ("|" and ",") allow a search on two or more counties. For example, in a Full Data Report, typing "Henn%,Wright" in the County Name field produces a list of records that are associated with any county in the United States that begins with the characters "Henn" (for example, Hennepin County, MN) and all Wright counties in the U.S. (Wright County, MN, Wright County, IA, and Wright County, MO).

There are a number of county names that are found in more than one state. If, for example, Clay County is used in a search, the resulting list of records may be very long. Enter the State name along with the County name you are interested in to limit the results.

Contact Name

If the last name of a contact for a Federally recognized Indian tribe, Alaska Native corporation, or Native Hawaiian organization is entered in the Contact Name field, the resulting report contains the name of the Federally recognized Indian tribe, Alaska Native corporation or Native Hawaiian organization, as well as all the additional data associated with that record.

If a search using a contact name produces no results, then that person's name has not been entered into the database. The National NAGPRA Program has specific requirements for adding and updating NAGPRA contact names in the database. Contact the NACD Administrator with any questions about these requirements.

Reservation Name

A search of the database using the names of Federal Indian reservations results in information on the Indian tribe, the contacts for the tribe, and other information pertaining to the tribe contained in a report. The names of the Federal Indian reservations in the Native American Consultation Database have been assembled from information provided by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and written tribal notification that is on file in the National NAGPRA Program.

Not all Federally recognized Indian tribes live on Federal Indian reservations. Alaska Native corporations and Native Hawaiian organizations are special examples where the data are specific to a group rather than to the land base.

The map sources for the geographic data are:

Reservation lands --Bureau of Indian Affairs, original source unknown

Lands claims by Indian tribes --"Indian Land Areas Judicially Established 1978," United States Geological Survey, 1993 (Reprinted from the original map accompanying the 1978 Final Report of the Indian Claims Commission); state and county data. The state and county locational data derived from the GIS map layers were downloaded into the database and cross-indexed with Indian names, military installations, reservations, and contact information. County and State data are inclusive, that is, a state or county is included if any mapped coordinates touch that state or county boundry line.

Installation Name

A search using the names of U.S. military installations results in a list of records where the land claims, Indian reservation, and tribe location data are associated with the county(ies) in which that installation is located.

The geographic data for the locations of military installations were provided by the United States Army Corps of Engineers from digitized maps, based on 1:250,000 United States Geological Survey maps, produced by Geo-Marine, Inc. The map was revised by the Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies to include county data that were downloaded into the database and cross-indexed with Indian names, reservations, and contact information.

The index of military installation names was provided with the original Geo-Marine data set of 1993. The data for the military installations have been reviewed and corrected for counties in the database.

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